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                                                Uses of the Past Perfect

PAST PERFECT ( I HAD LIVED )

It's formed by : HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE of main verb

Formado com: Had + Participio passado do verbo principal.

When I arrived at the airport , the plane had already gone (go)

Quando cheguei ao aeroporto , o avião já tinha partido.

 

I arrived late to the theater . The play had finished minutes before ( finish )


Use of this tense  
Uso deste tempo

The Past Perfect is used to indicate an action , or state , that happened before an other action in the past ,or that continued till a certain moment in the past.

O Past Perfect é usado para indicar uma ação, ou estado, que aconteceu antes de uma outra ação no passado,ou que continuou ate certo momento no passado.

 

It was David's  first time in an airplane . He was nervous because he hadn't flown before.

Era a primeira vez de David em um avião. Ele estava nervoso porque não tinha voado antes. 


The past perfect ( I had done ) is the past of the present perfect ( I have done ) compare :

O past Perfect é o passado do Present Perfect. Compare:
   

The car is dirty . I haven' t washed it for weeks ( present )

O carro esta sujo . Eu não o tenho lavado há semanas.          


The car was dirty . I hadn ' t washed it for weeks ( past )

O carro estava sujo . Eu não o tinha lavado há semanas.

 

With words like after , before , when , as soon as , is frequently used the Simple Past , but the  Past Perfect is used to specify that when the second action happened  the first was ended .
Com as palavras acima geralmente é  usado o Past Simple, mas o Past Perfect é usado para especificar que uma segunda ação aconteceu depois que a primeira terminou.

Examples:

After the plane left , we went back home

Depois que o avião partiu , nós voltamos para casa.

After the plane had left , we went back home.

Depois que o avião tinha partido , nós voltamos para casa.


                These are the normal forms- estas são as formas normais
 

pronoun

affirmative

negative

interrogative

interrog-negative

I

  had lived

  had not lived

  had I lived ?

  had I not lived ?

YOU

  had lived

  had not lived

  had you lived ?

  had you not lived ?

HE,SHE.IT

  had lived

  had not lived

  had ( he,she it ) lived ?

  had( he,she,it) not lived ?

WE

  had lived

  had not lived

  had we lived ?

  had we not lived ?

YOU

  had lived

  had not lived

  had you lived ?

  had you not lived ?

THEY

  had lived

  had not lived

  had they lived ?

  had they not lived ?

 
As it happens with all the other tenses , the contracted forms are normally used in the  everyday conversation
Como acontece com todos os outros tempos, as formas contraídas são mais usadas no dia a dia.

                           These are the contracted forms - Estas são as formas contraídas

affirmative

negative

interrogative - negative

   I'd lived

   I hadn't lived

             hadn't I lived ?

   you'd lived

   you hadn't lived

             hadn't you lived ?

   he'd lived

   he hadn't lived

             hadn't he lived ?

   she'd lived

   she hadn't lived

             hadn't she lived ?

   it'd lived

   it hadn'  lived

             hadn't it lived ?

   we'd lived

   we had 't lived

             hadn't we lived ?

   You’d lived

   you hadn't lived

             hadn't you lived ?

   they'd lived

   they hadn't lived

             hadn't they lived ?

 

Compare these sentences –compare estas frases

 Was Jennifer there when you arrived ? No , she had already gone home ( Past Perfect )

Jennifer estava lá quando você chegou ? Não , ela já tinha ido para casa

Was Jennifer there when you arrived ? Yes , but she went home soon afterwards ( Simple Past )

Jennifer estava lá quando voce chegou? Sim , mas ela foi para casa logo depois.


David wasn' t home when I phoned him . He was in Los Angeles ( Simple past )

David não estava em casa quando eu lhe telefonei . Ele estava em Los Angeles.


David had just got home when I phoned him . He had been in Los Angeles ( Past Perfect )

David tinha acabado de chegar em casa quando eu telefonei . Ele tinha estado em Los Angeles.


In the examples above , you can see the different use of the Past Perfect and the Simple Past.
Even in Portuguese the meaning of each use is different ,  OK?

Nos exemplos acima você tem o uso diferente do Past Perfect e do Simple Past. 
Mesmo em português o significado é diferente,ok?
 

Parece meio complicado? Bom... na verdade é mesmo, mas com um pouco de estudo e persistencia da para aprender

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